New EU Directive affects the production of sunflower, corn and rapeseed

According to the Ministry of Agriculture the decision to ban some pesticides used in the present will lead to problems regarding agricultural production.

Starting with the 1st of December, 2013 the European Comission decided to ban three pesticides that are harmful for the European bee population. These pesticides are clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam. The European Commission wants to implement an entire strategy to counteract the decline of the European bee population and this decision it’s just the first step.

 The reports show that in the next year this will lead to lower profits and a decrease of 40 percent in the sunflower, corn and rape production. This was established after long discussions with producers and using reports made by scientists regarding the subject. 

"In Romania we have areas that are heavily infested with soil pests that attack crops, particularly corn, sunflower and rapeseed. Banning these products as seed treatment in maize, sunflower and rapeseed production will cause losses and these crops will be far less profitable for the Romanian farmer. Romania has no viable alternative to these three neonicotinoids for seed treatment" Daniel Botănoiu, Secretary of State for Agriculture and Rural Development Ministry (MARD) said.

The share of agriculture in GDP was 5.3% in 2012 in Romania and the areas where corn was cultivated represented 50.4 % from the entire cereal grain crops. 

Daniel Botanoiu explained that waiving neonicotinoid seed treatments will reduce the production with 20-40 %, after it decreased last year with 52% because of the draught. Romania had had the lowest productivity in the EU and the production of maize dropped to 5.92 million tons on a surface of 2.72 million hectares, with a productivity of 2170 kg / ha, three times lower than the average level in the EU. Romania ranked first place regarding the surface cultivated with corn but third in production.